imprinted books spark more discussions and offer fewer distractions, researchers find
Colleen Russo recently explored a first e-book with her daughter Ripley. Russo says they plan to explore more e-books together. (Craig Chivers/CBC)and toddlers chat more as they read imprinted stories together compared to when they share electronic books, a new study from the University of Michigan found. Researchers say those conversations can be instrumental in teaching children to read and express themselves.
According to the study, talking about a story and connecting the action to a toddler’s own experience helps them to learn language and communication. It is particularly effective when a parent asks the child open-ended questions such as “What’s happening here?” Or “Remember when you went to the beach with dad?”
Electronic books are becoming increasingly popular for storytime, but the researchers found the bells and whistles, such as sound effects and animation, can sometimes distract young children.
Dr. Tiffany Munzer is a fellow in developmental behavioural pediatrics at the University of Michigan’s C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital. She her team had 37 parents and their two- to three-year-olds read a similar story together while being filmed in the lab. The experiment featured three book formats:
The researchers looked at the number and kinds of verbalizations between the parents and children, including collaborative reading, which is when a child elaborates on a concept in the story.
Parents may want to choose simple e-books, without so many bells and whistles, to avoid distracting toddlers, says psychology professor Patricia Ganea. (Craig Chivers/CBC)
Writing in a recent issue of the journal Pediatrics, Munzer said parents and toddlers chatted less about what was happening in the story when reading an e-book together.
With an electronic story, more of the dialogue focused on swiping the page, tapping, or struggles over who was in control of the tablet, Munzer said.
“The dialogue was really centred around some of the aspects of the technology itself and so it was displacing some of this more rich language that parents use …[to] teach [toddlers] new concepts and bring things back to their own lives.”
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Colleen Russo of Toronto recently read an e-book to her daughter Ripley for the first time. The 20-month-old loves traditional books, but was excited to be able to tap on a duck in the e-book story and then answer the question: “What does the duck say?”
“We’ve been doing a lot of travel, and packing all her books weighs on the suitcase,” Russo said. “I can’t wait to have books on [a tablet] that we can go to.”